PART 1 -
The Categories of Hajj
1. The Hajj is either obligatory or
(desirable, optional), and the obligatory Hajj is
classified in three categories:
which is obligatory upon the individual when s/he
meets all the prescribed criteria, which shall be mentioned shortly
. According to the fundamentals of Islam, the Hajj
is not obligatory except once.
The Hajj that becomes
obligatory through nadhr
(vow), promise, and oath.
The Hajj that becomes
obligatory by proxy, thorough the hiring of agents.
As for the
Hajj, it is any Hajj other than the above.
The Conditions of Obligation of Hajjat-al-Islam
2. The conditions
that if met make Hajjat-al-Islam
obligatory are five:
Sanity of the
Ability – to be
able to afford going to the Hajj and come back, as well as leaving behind
enough for his family to live on, “Returning to Sufficient” means of
hindrance on the way [to the Hajj].
3. The obligation
of the Hajj is immediate when its requirements are all met. That is, if
the individual meets all the preconditions and prerequisites of the Hajj –
thus considered “able” and “eligible”, or in technical terms mostatee’
 – it becomes
compulsory upon him [to go to Hajj] in the same year of eligibility, and
it is not permissible for him to delay [going to Hajj]. Delaying the
Hajj without having a valid [Islamically] legal reason constitutes a sin,
and [from then onwards] the Hajj remains “established” as his
responsibility [regardless of his ability or the lack of it]. It is
mandatory for him to perform the Hajj in the following year [and if not]
as soon as possible.
4. It is
obligatory upon the mostatee’
to prepare all the necessary means
and requirements of the Hajj journey in the first year of his
ability/eligibility, even if they were many and lengthy.
5. It is
obligatory upon the individual going to Hajj to learn the Hajj rites and
6. If it is not
possible for him to go to Hajj on his own, he may choose a group that he
trusts to go with, and if there are many groups that he trusts, it would
not be obligatory for him to go with the first one. If he travelled
with other than the first one, but, due to certain circumstances, he did
not manage to get to the Hajj; if in the future, he were not to meet all
the prerequisites of the Hajj, he would not be regarded as having
committed disobedience, nor the Hajj remains “established” in his
7. If he travelled
with a group that he is not sure of, and it happened that he did not get
to Hajj, he has sinned, and the Hajj remains “established” in his
responsibility. It is obligatory for him to perform the Hajj in the
following year, or as soon as possible.